Kinetic and Radiative Energy of a Falling Electron

A charged particle that is accelerating emits radiation. Through the study of electrodynamics we often encounter moving charged particles without considering the issues of radiation. For example, the energy of a collection of charges may be calculated in part by solving for the energy involved in bringing those charges together from infinity. Radiation that they…

Magnetic Field from a Cylinder’s Magnetization

It is not intuitively obvious how an object’s magnetization relates to the magnetic field it generates. To develop a better physical picture of this phenomena consider an object with a given magnetization and then solve for the resulting magnetic field, B. A cylinder of radius, R, and length, L, in which R << L (i.e.…

Frequency Filtering in IDL Using the Butterworth Function

When IDL released version 6.3 they included a function called BUTTERWORTH. This function generates the Butterworth filter function commonly used in frequency filtering of time series data. I have previously used a Butterworth filter by generating my own array. Since it is almost always simpler to use provided functions, I decided to use this new…

Diary of a Graduate Thesis Experiment

The lengthy diary that follows was originally written in 2007. Diary of a Graduate Thesis Experiment The laboratory in which I am performing my thesis work (LAPD at UCLA) is used by researchers from all over the world. Groups that are using the device for a research project receive an allotted time in which to…

circuit diagram of Langmuir probe setup

Example of Langmuir Probe Analysis

Sections Processing the Raw Data Determining Electron Temperature and Plasma Potential Calculating Electron Density An Additional Concern for Temperature Analysis Sample Data for Practice This is a simple example of Langmuir probe analysis and the issues related to it. It is intended to serve as a helpful reminder of the technical details in analyzing the…

wavelet-based spectrogram

Thesis – Chapter 1: Introduction

Thesis – Table of Contents Introduction 1.1 Motivation Anomalous transport is an area of great interest within the plasma physics research community. The field of magnetically confined thermonuclear fusion may benefit significantly from an improved understanding of this topic. It has already been shown that turbulent fluctuations increase the transport of mass and energy [Horton,…

detect positive pulse

Thesis – Appendix B: Pulse Detection Techniques

Thesis – Table of Contents Pulse Detection Techniques Overview The study of exponential spectra and accompanying Lorentzian pulses in time series data requires that the pulses be isolated for determining their characteristic widths. A variety of identification techniques have been applied to the large data set of this experiment, and notes on two of these…